Download e-book for kindle: A Critique of Nicotine Addiction (Neurobiological Foundation by Hanan Frenk,Reuven Dar

By Hanan Frenk,Reuven Dar

Nicotine is sort of universally believed to be the most important issue that motivates smoking and impedes cessation. specialists equivalent to the health practitioner normal of america and the Royal collage of Physicians within the united kingdom have declared that nicotine is as addictive as heroin and cocaine. This booklet is a critique of the nicotine habit speculation, in accordance with a severe evaluation of the learn literature that purports to end up that nicotine is as addictive drug. The evaluate is predicated on a re-evaluation of greater than seven hundred articles and books in this topic, together with animal and human experimental reviews, results of `nicotine substitute therapies', and plenty of different suitable resources. This assessment concludes that on current proof, there's each cause to reject the widely approved conception that nicotine has a huge function in cigarette smoking. A serious exam of the standards for drug habit demonstrates that none of those standards is met via nicotine, and that it really is more likely that nicotine actually limits really than allows smoking.

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A Critique of Nicotine Addiction (Neurobiological Foundation of Aberrant Behaviors) by Hanan Frenk,Reuven Dar

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