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By Claude Hagége

This pioneering examine relies on an research of over two hundred languages, together with African, Amerindian, Australian, Austronesian, Indo-European and Eurasian (Altaic, Caucasian, Chukotko-Kamchatkan, Dravidian, Uralic), Papuan, and Sino-Tibetan. Adpositions are a virtually common a part of speech. English has prepositions; a few languages, comparable to jap, have postpositions; others have either; and but others types that aren't rather both. As grammatical instruments they mark the connection among components of a sentence: commonly one point governs a noun or noun-like note or word whereas the opposite capabilities as a predicate. From the syntactic viewpoint, the supplement of an adposition relies on a head: during this final sentence, for instance, a head is the supplement of on whereas on a head is dependent upon depends and on is the marker of this dependency. Adpositions lie on the middle of the grammar of such a lot languages, their usefulness making them recurrent in daily speech and writing. Claude Hagege examines their morphological positive factors, syntactic features, and semantic and cognitive houses. He does so for the subsets either one of adpositions that categorical the relatives of agent, sufferer, and beneficiary, and of these which mark area, time, accompaniment, or device. Adpositions usually govern case and are often progressively grammaticalized into case. the writer considers the entire set of functionality markers, together with case, that seem as adpositions and, in doing so, throws gentle on approaches of morphological and syntactic switch in several languages and language households. His ebook can be welcomed via typologists and through syntacticians and morphologists of all theoretical stripes.

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Adpositions (Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic Theory) by Claude Hagége


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